Biology I - Syllabus

Embark on a profound academic exploration as you delve into the Biology I course () within the distinguished Tribhuvan university's CSIT department. Aligned with the 2065 Syllabus, this course (BIO-106) seamlessly merges theoretical frameworks with practical sessions, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Rigorous assessment based on a 60+20+20 marks system, coupled with a challenging passing threshold of , propels students to strive for excellence, fostering a deeper grasp of the course content.

This 3 credit-hour journey unfolds as a holistic learning experience, bridging theory and application. Beyond theoretical comprehension, students actively engage in practical sessions, acquiring valuable skills for real-world scenarios. Immerse yourself in this well-structured course, where each element, from the course description to interactive sessions, is meticulously crafted to shape a well-rounded and insightful academic experience.

Course Synopsis: Living System and their properties, major biological molecules, basic physiological processes, introduction of genetics, basic concepts of diversity and evolution.
Goal: The course is aimed at providing the introduction of biological system with respect to nature, behavior and functioning of the cell.


Unit 1.

1.1    Introduction: Brief introduction to all aspects of Biology

1.2    Bio-molecular: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acid

Unit 2.

2.1    Cell structure and functions: Cell theory, cell membrane, transport system across the membrane, organelles composed of membranes, nonmenbranous organelles, nuclear components and major cell types

2.2    Enzymes: Nomenclature, biocatalysis, action of enzymes, environmental factors, co-enzymes, enzyme activation and inhibition.

2.3    Biochemical Pathways: Introduction, cellular respiration, glycolysis, TCA Cycle, ETC, ATP calculation, fermentation, protein and fat metabolism, photosynthesis-C3 and C4 pathways, photorespiration, chemosynthesis, transpiration.

Unit 3.

3.1    Genetics: Laws of inheritance, linkage and crossing over

3.2    Diversity within species: Gene pool concept, genetic variety, role of natural selection in evolution, factors influencing natural selection, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium concept and application

Unit 4.

4.1    Material exchange in the body: Basic principle, blood circulation, pulmonary and systemic, nature of blood and role of heart, gas exchange, respiratory anatomy, lung function, digestive system, kidney structure and function

Unit 5.

5.1    Body's control mechanism: Nerve impulse, synapse, CNS organization, endocrine system, sensory input and output coordination

5.2    Immune system: Defense mechanism, humeral and cell mediated immune responses, vaccines and monoclonal antibody.