# Mathematics I - Syllabus

Embark on a profound academic exploration as you delve into the Mathematics I course () within the distinguished Tribhuvan university's BCA department. Aligned with the BCA Curriculum, this course (CACS104) seamlessly merges theoretical frameworks with practical sessions, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Rigorous assessment based on a 60 + 20 + 20 marks system, coupled with a challenging passing threshold of , propels students to strive for excellence, fostering a deeper grasp of the course content.

This 3 credit-hour journey unfolds as a holistic learning experience, bridging theory and application. Beyond theoretical comprehension, students actively engage in practical sessions, acquiring valuable skills for real-world scenarios. Immerse yourself in this well-structured course, where each element, from the course description to interactive sessions, is meticulously crafted to shape a well-rounded and insightful academic experience.

Course Description

This course includes several topics from algebra and analytical geometry such as

set theory and real & complex number; relation, functions and graphs; sequence

and series; matrices and determinants; permutation & combination; conic section

and vector in space which are essential as mathematical foundation for

computing.

Course Objectives

The general objective of this course is to provide the students with basic

mathematical skills required to understand Computer Application Courses.

#### Units

Set theory and Real & Complex Number

Concept, Notation and Specification of Sets, Types of Sets, Operations on Sets (Union, Intersection, Difference, Complement) and their Venn Diagrams, Laws of Algebra of Sets(without proof), Cardinal number of Set and Problems Related to Sets. Real Number System, Intervals, Absolute Value of Real Number, Introduction of Complex Number, Geographical Representation of Complex Number, Simple Algebraic Properties of Complex Numbers (Addition, Multiplication, Inverse, Absolute Value)

Relation, Functions and Graphs

Ordered pairs, Cartesian product, Relation, Domain and Range of a relation, Inverse of a relation; Types of relations: reflective, symmetric, transitive, and eqivalence relations. Definition of function, Domain and Range of a function, Inverse function, Special functions (Identity, Constant), Algebraic(linear, Quadratic, Cubic), Trigonometric and their graphs. Definition of exponential and logarithmic functions, Composite function.(Mathematical)

Sequence and Series

Sequence and Series (Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic), Properties of Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic sequences, A. M., G. M., and H, M. and relation among them. Sum of Infinite Geometric Series. Taylor's Theorem(without proof), Taylor's series, Exponential series.

Matrices and Determinants

Introduction of Matrices, Types of Matrices, Equality of Matrices, Algebra of Matrices, Determinant, Transpose, Minors and Cofactors of Matrix, Properties of determinants(with out proof), Singular and non-singular matrix, adjoin and inverse of matrices. Linear transformations, orthogonal transformations; rank of matrices.(Matlab)

Analytical Geometry

Conic Sections: Definitions ( Circle, Parabola, Ellipse, Hyperbola and Related Terms), Examples to Explain The Defined Terms, Equations and Graphs of The Conic Sections Defined Above, Classifying The Defined Conic Sections by Eccentricity and Related Problems, Polar Equations of Lines, Circles, Ellipse, Parabolas, and Hyperbolas.(Mathematica/ Matlab)

Vectors in Space: Vectors in Space, Algebra of Vectors in Space, Length, Distance Between Two Points, Unit Vector, Null Vector, Scalar Product of Two and Three Vectors and Their Geomatrical Inerpretations and Related Examples.(Matlab)

Permutation and Combination

Basic Principle of Counting, Permutation of a. Set of Objects All Different b. Set of Objects Not All Different c. Circular Arrangement d. Repeated Use of The Same Object. Combination of Things All Different, Properties of Combination.

#### Lab works

Laboratory Works

Mathematica and/ or Matlab should be used for above mentioned topics.