# Mathematics I Syllabus

This page contains Syllabus of Mathematics I of BCA.

Title | Mathematics I |

Short Name | |

Course code | CACS104 |

Nature of course | Theory + Practical |

First Semester | |

Full marks | 60 + 20 + 20 |

Pass marks | 24 + 8 + 8 |

Credit Hrs | 3 |

Elective/Compulsary | Compulsary |

### Course Description

** Course Description**

This course includes several topics from algebra and analytical geometry such as

set theory and real & complex number; relation, functions and graphs; sequence

and series; matrices and determinants; permutation & combination; conic section

and vector in space which are essential as mathematical foundation for

computing.

**Course Objectives **

The general objective of this course is to provide the students with basic

mathematical skills required to understand Computer Application Courses.

### Units and Unit Content

- 1. Set theory and Real & Complex Number
- teaching hours: 7 hrs
Concept, Notation and Specification of Sets, Types of Sets, Operations on Sets (Union, Intersection, Difference, Complement) and their Venn Diagrams, Laws of Algebra of Sets(without proof), Cardinal number of Set and Problems Related to Sets. Real Number System, Intervals, Absolute Value of Real Number, Introduction of Complex Number, Geographical Representation of Complex Number, Simple Algebraic Properties of Complex Numbers (Addition, Multiplication, Inverse, Absolute Value)

- 2. Relation, Functions and Graphs
- teaching hours: 8 hrs
Ordered pairs, Cartesian product, Relation, Domain and Range of a relation, Inverse of a relation; Types of relations: reflective, symmetric, transitive, and eqivalence relations. Definition of function, Domain and Range of a function, Inverse function, Special functions (Identity, Constant), Algebraic(linear, Quadratic, Cubic), Trigonometric and their graphs. Definition of exponential and logarithmic functions, Composite function.(Mathematical)

- 3. Sequence and Series
- teaching hours: 7 hrs
Sequence and Series (Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic), Properties of Arithmetic, Geometric, Harmonic sequences, A. M., G. M., and H, M. and relation among them. Sum of Infinite Geometric Series. Taylor's Theorem(without proof), Taylor's series, Exponential series.

- 4. Matrices and Determinants
- teaching hours: 8 hrs
Introduction of Matrices, Types of Matrices, Equality of Matrices, Algebra of Matrices, Determinant, Transpose, Minors and Cofactors of Matrix, Properties of determinants(with out proof), Singular and non-singular matrix, adjoin and inverse of matrices. Linear transformations, orthogonal transformations; rank of matrices.(Matlab)

- 5. Analytical Geometry
- teaching hours: 8 hrs
**Conic Sections:**Definitions ( Circle, Parabola, Ellipse, Hyperbola and Related Terms), Examples to Explain The Defined Terms, Equations and Graphs of The Conic Sections Defined Above, Classifying The Defined Conic Sections by Eccentricity and Related Problems, Polar Equations of Lines, Circles, Ellipse, Parabolas, and Hyperbolas.(Mathematica/ Matlab)**Vectors in Space:**Vectors in Space, Algebra of Vectors in Space, Length, Distance Between Two Points, Unit Vector, Null Vector, Scalar Product of Two and Three Vectors and Their Geomatrical Inerpretations and Related Examples.(Matlab)- 6. Permutation and Combination
- teaching hours: 7 hrs
Basic Principle of Counting, Permutation of a. Set of Objects All Different b. Set of Objects Not All Different c. Circular Arrangement d. Repeated Use of The Same Object. Combination of Things All Different, Properties of Combination.

### Lab and Practical works

Laboratory Works

Mathematica and/ or Matlab should be used for above mentioned topics.